Пробудить интерес учащихся к изучению истории Отечества, истории своего народа




НазваниеПробудить интерес учащихся к изучению истории Отечества, истории своего народа
Дата конвертации24.02.2013
Размер445 b.
ТипПрезентации



Развитие способности к самообучению, повышение уровня учебной мотивации учащихся, обучение умению эффективно создавать творческий продукт с использованием различных источников информации.

  • Развитие способности к самообучению, повышение уровня учебной мотивации учащихся, обучение умению эффективно создавать творческий продукт с использованием различных источников информации.

  • Пробудить интерес учащихся к изучению истории Отечества, истории своего народа

  • Повысить гражданское самосознание и патриотизм учащихся, формировать чувства сопричастности с происходившими событиями в годы войны.



Развить эстетическое восприятие литературных фактов на основе поэзии Мусса Джалиля.

  • Развить эстетическое восприятие литературных фактов на основе поэзии Мусса Джалиля.

  • Развивать навыки выразительного чтения.

  • Помочь осознать степень своего интереса к предмету и оценить возможности овладения им с точки зрения дальнейшей перспективы(показать возможности применения полученных знаний в своей будущей профессии лингвиста, переводчика, учителя).



ПОДГОТОВИТЕЛЬНЫЙ:

  • ПОДГОТОВИТЕЛЬНЫЙ:

  • - мотивация

  • - целеполагание

  • - планирование

  • ОСНОВНОЙ:

  • - принятие решений

  • - выполнение проекта

  • ЗАКЛЮЧИТЕЛЬНЫЙ:

  • - защита проекта

  • - проверка и оценка результата.



Мотивирует учащихся;

  • Мотивирует учащихся;

  • Помогает постановке целей проекта, выработке стратегии;

  • Определяет продолжительность проекта, масштаб вовлечения учащихся(группа, класс, параллель);

  • Наблюдает, консультирует, советует;

  • Направляет процесс анализа;

  • Направляет процесс защиты;

  • Участвует в коллективном анализе и оценке результатов проекта.



Уточняют информацию, обсуждают задание, выявляют проблемы, выдвигают пути решения проблем, формируют задачи, распределяют роли, определяют источники информации;

  • Уточняют информацию, обсуждают задание, выявляют проблемы, выдвигают пути решения проблем, формируют задачи, распределяют роли, определяют источники информации;

  • Определяют тактику, обсуждают, работают с информацией;

  • Проводят исследования, синтезируют и анализируют идеи, оформляют проект;

  • Защищают(презентуют) проект;

  • Коллективный самоанализ проекта и самооценка.



Musa Cälil was a Soviet Tatar poet and resistance fighter. He is the only poet of the Soviet Union who was simultaneously awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union award for his resistance fighting, and the Lenin Prize for authoring The Moabit Notebooks; both the awards were awarded to him posthumously

  • Musa Cälil was a Soviet Tatar poet and resistance fighter. He is the only poet of the Soviet Union who was simultaneously awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union award for his resistance fighting, and the Lenin Prize for authoring The Moabit Notebooks; both the awards were awarded to him posthumously







In 1920, the Tatar ASSR was established and Kazan became its capital. In 1922, Musa, along with other Tatar poets, moved to Kazan. During this time, verses that he wrote include "The Red Host", "The Red Holyday", "The Red Hero", "The Red Way", "The Red Force", and "The Red Banner". In Kazan, Cälil worked as copyist for the Qızıl Tatarstan newspaper and studied at rabfak of the Oriental Pedagogical Institute. He became acquainted with Tatar poets such as Qawi Näcmi, Hadi Taqtaş, and Ğädel Qutuy. In 1924, he became a member of the October literary society, backing Proletkult. Since that year, his poetry departed from Ghisyanism and aruz and turned to the Tatar folk verse. His first collection of verses, Barabız (We are going) was published in 1925. One concept that the verses dealt with was pre-revolutionary life.

  • In 1920, the Tatar ASSR was established and Kazan became its capital. In 1922, Musa, along with other Tatar poets, moved to Kazan. During this time, verses that he wrote include "The Red Host", "The Red Holyday", "The Red Hero", "The Red Way", "The Red Force", and "The Red Banner". In Kazan, Cälil worked as copyist for the Qızıl Tatarstan newspaper and studied at rabfak of the Oriental Pedagogical Institute. He became acquainted with Tatar poets such as Qawi Näcmi, Hadi Taqtaş, and Ğädel Qutuy. In 1924, he became a member of the October literary society, backing Proletkult. Since that year, his poetry departed from Ghisyanism and aruz and turned to the Tatar folk verse. His first collection of verses, Barabız (We are going) was published in 1925. One concept that the verses dealt with was pre-revolutionary life.



In 1931, Cälil graduated from the literature faculty of Moscow University. Until 1932, he was a chief editor of the Tatar children's magazine Keckenə iptəşlər, which was later renamed to Oktəbr Balasь (Little Octobrist). Then, he managed the section of literature and art in the central Tatar newspaper Kommunist. In 1934, Musa Cälil published two collections. The first of them, The Millions, Decorated with Orders was devoted mostly to youth and Komsomol, whereas in the second, Verses and Poems, was a general compilation of his writing. However, many of his lyrical poems weren't published due to being at conflict with Stalinism.

  • In 1931, Cälil graduated from the literature faculty of Moscow University. Until 1932, he was a chief editor of the Tatar children's magazine Keckenə iptəşlər, which was later renamed to Oktəbr Balasь (Little Octobrist). Then, he managed the section of literature and art in the central Tatar newspaper Kommunist. In 1934, Musa Cälil published two collections. The first of them, The Millions, Decorated with Orders was devoted mostly to youth and Komsomol, whereas in the second, Verses and Poems, was a general compilation of his writing. However, many of his lyrical poems weren't published due to being at conflict with Stalinism.



In 1935, the first Russian translations of his poems were published. During the 1930s, Cälil also translated to the Tatar language writings of poets of the USSR peoples, such as Shota Rustaveli, Taras Shevchenko, Pushkin, Nekrasov, Mayakovsky and Lebedev-Kumach. In the late 1930s, he tended to write epic poems, such as The Director and the Sun (1935), Cihan (1935–1938), and The Postman (1938). As a playwright of the Tatar State Opera, he wrote four librettos for Tatar operas, one of which is Altınçäç (Golden Hair Maiden) of Näcip Cihanov.In 1939 and 1940, he served as the chairman of the Tatar ASSR Union of Writers.

  • In 1935, the first Russian translations of his poems were published. During the 1930s, Cälil also translated to the Tatar language writings of poets of the USSR peoples, such as Shota Rustaveli, Taras Shevchenko, Pushkin, Nekrasov, Mayakovsky and Lebedev-Kumach. In the late 1930s, he tended to write epic poems, such as The Director and the Sun (1935), Cihan (1935–1938), and The Postman (1938). As a playwright of the Tatar State Opera, he wrote four librettos for Tatar operas, one of which is Altınçäç (Golden Hair Maiden) of Näcip Cihanov.In 1939 and 1940, he served as the chairman of the Tatar ASSR Union of Writers.



In August 1943, Nazi spies tracked down the resistance group. Musa Cälil and most of his militant comrades were seized. There followed days and nights consisted of Cälil and his group receiving interrogations and torture. The Gestapo broke Cälil's left arm and injured his kidneys. His body contained welts from being beaten with an electric cord and rubber hose. His fingers were swollen and would not bend. While imprisoned, he wrote poetry against Nazism.

  • In August 1943, Nazi spies tracked down the resistance group. Musa Cälil and most of his militant comrades were seized. There followed days and nights consisted of Cälil and his group receiving interrogations and torture. The Gestapo broke Cälil's left arm and injured his kidneys. His body contained welts from being beaten with an electric cord and rubber hose. His fingers were swollen and would not bend. While imprisoned, he wrote poetry against Nazism.



On April 23, 1945, the 79th Infantry Corps of the Soviet Army, that was advancing on the Reichstag, took up positions along the Berlin streets of Ratenowerstraße and Turnstraße. A soldier who paused there before the following attack noticed several lines in Russian on one of the clean pages of a book nearby: "I am the Tatar poet Musa Cälil, held in Moabit prison as a prisoner of war against whom political charges have been preferred, and will most likely be shot soon. If some Russian finds this note, convey my regards to my writer friends in Moscow and break the news to my family". The soldiers sent the page to the Union of Writers in Moscow. That was the first time Russia heard of Musa Cälil's fate

  • On April 23, 1945, the 79th Infantry Corps of the Soviet Army, that was advancing on the Reichstag, took up positions along the Berlin streets of Ratenowerstraße and Turnstraße. A soldier who paused there before the following attack noticed several lines in Russian on one of the clean pages of a book nearby: "I am the Tatar poet Musa Cälil, held in Moabit prison as a prisoner of war against whom political charges have been preferred, and will most likely be shot soon. If some Russian finds this note, convey my regards to my writer friends in Moscow and break the news to my family". The soldiers sent the page to the Union of Writers in Moscow. That was the first time Russia heard of Musa Cälil's fate





The last song.

  • The last song.

  • The Earth is so vast,

  • Spacious , lovely !

  • And my prison is

  • Dark and stinking.

  • A bird is in the sky

  • Soars to the clouds.

  • On the floor I lie ,

  • My hands are chained.

  • A flower grows in freedom,

  • Sweet it smells!

  • A languish in prison,

  • My breath fails.

  • Victorious force of life !

  • I know life is sweet.

  • And I die in prison.

  • That song is

  • My last.



In 1946, MGB opened a file on Musa Cälil branding him as a traitor. In April 1947, his name was included in the list of wanted "dangerous criminals".

  • In 1946, MGB opened a file on Musa Cälil branding him as a traitor. In April 1947, his name was included in the list of wanted "dangerous criminals".

  • Then Tatar writers and the Tatarstan department of state security proved Cälil's underground work against the Nazis and his death. In 1953, The Moabit Notebooks were published in Kazan and the Russian translation also was published in Literaturnaya Gazeta, owing to its editor, Konstantin Simonov. Musa Cälil was awarded the star of the Hero of the Soviet Union in 1956 and Literature Lenin Prize in 1957 for The Moabit Notebooks.



The monument to Musa Cälil is placed near the Kazan Kremlin; the museum in his flat was opened in Kazan in 1983. His poetry was popularized in the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact countries.

  • The monument to Musa Cälil is placed near the Kazan Kremlin; the museum in his flat was opened in Kazan in 1983. His poetry was popularized in the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact countries.



THE CONDEMNED MAN

  • THE CONDEMNED MAN

  • They today the verdict out are spelling:

  • And his sentence –execution is.

  • Then the tears with which his breast was swelling.

  • All dried up-no sorry weeping his.

  • Silent the cell…The whole night sky suffusing,

  • The full moon in dejectedly,

  • The luckless devil sitting there and mussing

  • That his little child would orphaned be



A DREAM IN PRISON

  • A DREAM IN PRISON

  • I saw my little daughter in a dream….

  • She came , her little hand caressed my hair.

  • And then she said to me: “How long you’ve been…”

  • Before her little eyes my soul lay bare.

  • With joy my head went dizzy.I caressed

  • My daughter and my heart was singing loud.

  • The thought occurred to me:”That is what limitless

  • Love ,agony and pain can bring about.”

  • And then we swam across a flowery sea,

  • We wandered in the meadows far and wide.

  • The day was dawning-it was light and free

  • And once I knew the joy of life.

  • Then I awoke –in prison as before,

  • The same grim cell, and chains, and window barred.

  • In field darkness by the gloomy door

  • My anguish keeps its solitary guard.

  • And then I thought : “Why call my dream a life?”

  • Why is the world with ugly jails defiled

  • So that, awake, we suffer pain and grief,

  • And joy attends us only when we sleep?”



A FICKLE MISTRESS

  • A FICKLE MISTRESS

  • One day a young enchantress told her suitor,

  • A prince whose passion nothing could allay:

  • “If you want me to believe your ardour ,

  • Go, Shah –zadeh ,your royal brother stay.”

  • Not darling disobey his mistress’s order,

  • His brother’s head he struck off with a sweep,

  • And soon he reappeared before her

  • And placed the skill at her beloved feet.

  • The charmer poured some poison in the death’s head.

  • “Drink the cup “-her lover she enjoined.

  • He drank as though it were a benediction…

  • The blinder love , the surer it destroys.

  • I’ve worshipped life with passion and abandon,

  • And I’m to get what’s my reward at last:

  • The False One offers me a cup of poison,

  • That cup’s the death’s head of a youth that’s past!









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